Calamobius filum (Rossi, 1790)

Subfamilia: LAMIINAE  /  Tribus: AGAPANTHIINI
Calamobius filum
[Photo © Milan Lovětínský]
Calamobius filum
[Photo © Udo Schmidt]

Calamobius filum prefers dry, warm, high-grass steppe or meadow locations. Adults sit in the characteristic posture on the host plants, pressed against the stalk, antennae stretched forward. Calamobius is an oligophagous grass-feeding species on the Poaceae family (the most common host plants are false oat-grass (Arrhenatherum elatius), cock's-foot (Dactylis glomerata), false barley (Hordeum murinum), common oat (Avena sativa) and others). The female lays egg from the middle to the top of the grass stalk to the spike. The female chews a cavity, turns around and inserts an egg into the prepared opening. The hatched larva feeds the inner part of the stalk down to the roots. By the end of August, the adult larva is preparing a 10-15 cm long space for pupation. At the top of the stem, larva then weakens its wall and clogs the passage by frass (end of September). At the point of weakening, the stem breaks during winter, which does not prevent further development of the larva, as the upper opening is well blocked by frass. The larva overwinters and pupates in the spring. Adults occur from mid-May to mid-July, with the peak of occurrence in June [❖].

Thanks to climatic changes in the Central Europe, Calamobius has been expanding from the South-East in a north-westerly direction since the 1950s (the nearest natural area of occurence to the Czech lands was the Pannonian Basin). The species was recorded for the first time in Southern Moravia during the 1980s and it also has been found in several localities in Bohemia in recent years [✧].

C. filum has been described from Florence environs (Italy) as Saperda filum by Pietro Rossi in 1790 [✩].

Body length:5 - 11 mm
Life cycle:1 year
Adults in:April - July
Host plant:oligophagous on various Poaceae (e.g. Dactylis, Hordeum, Arrhenatherum, Avena)
Distribution:Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Corsica, Crete, Croatia, Czechia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Serbia, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine, Cyprus, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey

The living beetles were swept from vegetation in "Na Babě" natural reserve in Křivoklátsko Protected Landscape Area (Central Bohemia, Czechia) on May 22, 2020. The mounted beetle was collected in Ghisonaccia environs (Ghisonaccia canton, Haute-Corse department, Corsica, France) on May 23, 1973.

Collected by Miroslav Polcar and Udo Schmidt

Sláma M.E.F.:
Tesaříkovití – Cerambycidae České republiky a Slovenské republiky / Cerambycidae of the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.
Milan Sláma private printing, Krhanice, 383pp, 1998 [ISBN: 80-238-2627-1]. [download pdf icon]

Dongres V. and Vlastimil Cihlář V.:
První nálezy tesaříka Calamobius filum (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) v Čechách / The first finds of longicorn Calamobius filum (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Bohemia.
Západočeské entomologické listy 1: 59–61, 2010. [download pdf icon]

Sedláček O., Urban S. and Sommer D.:
Contribution to the history of expansion of long-horned beetle Calamobius filum (Rossi, 1790) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in the Příbram region (central Bohemia)
Elateridarium 14: 194-200, 2020. [download pdf icon]

Rossi P.:
Fauna Etrusca, sistens Insecta, quae in provinciis Florentina et Pisana praesertim collegit.
Thomae Masi, Liburni 1: iii-xxii + 272pp, 1790. [download pdf icon]

Calamobius filum
Calamobius filum
Calamobius filum
Calamobius filum
[Photo © Milan Lovětínský]

SubfamiliaLamiinae Latreille, 1825
TribusAgapanthiini Mulsant, 1839
GenusCalamobius Guerin-Ménéville, 1849
SpeciesCalamobius filum (Rossi, 1790)