Cerambyx (Cerambyx) dux (Faldermann, 1837)

Cerambyx dux
[Photo © Michal Hoskovec]

Cerambyx dux, an East-Mediterranean-Transcaucasian species occuring from Balcan peninsula to Iran, has been described from "Transcaucasia" as Hammaticherus Dux by Franz Faldermann in, 1837 [❖]. C. dux develops in living or moribund trees and can therefore be regarded as a physiological pest. Larvae expel large quantities of well visible sawdust which can serve as a hallmark to locate attacked trees. The adults are active during the day but are very difficult to find.

Body length:25 - 45 mm
Life cycle:3 - 4 years
Adults in:May - July
Host plant:polyphagous in fruit and ornamental trees or brushes (Prunus, Elaeagnus, Crataegus etc.)
Distribution:Armenia, Bulgaria, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Syria, Turkey, Ukraine

The depicted beetle was collected on living oleaster (Elaeagnus angustifolia) in Karadut village (Nemrut Dagi National Park, Adiyaman province, Anatolia, SE Turkey) in June 2011.

Collected by Michal Hoskovec

Faldermann F.:
Fauna entomologica Transcaucasica. Coleoptera 2. Longicornes vel Capricornes..
Nouveaux Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Mosco>u5: 1-433, 1837. [download pdf icon]

Özdikmen H. and Turgut S.:
On turkish Cerambyx Linnaeus, 1758 with zoogeographical remarks (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae).
Munis Entomology & Zoology 4 (2): 301-319, 2009. [download pdf icon]

Cerambyx dux
Cerambyx dux
[Photo © Michal Hoskovec]

SubfamiliaCerambycinae Latreille, 1802
TribusCerambycini Latreille, 1804
GenusCerambyx Linnaeus, 1758
SubgenusCerambyx Linnaeus, 1758
SpeciesCerambyx (Cerambyx) dux (Faldermann, 1837)