Conizonia (Conizonia) allardi Fairmaire, 1866
ssp. allardi Fairmaire, 1866
[= Conizonia elegantula Fairmaire, 1870]
[= Conizonia leprieuri Pic, 1892]

Subfamilia: LAMIINAE  /  Tribus: SAPERDINI
Conizonia allardi
[Photo © David Navrátil, click on the picture for 4K resolution]

Conizonia allardi allardi, a nominotypical subspecies occurring in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia, has been described as Conizonia Allardi from Lambessa environs (Algeria) by Léon Fairmaire in 1866 [❖]. Larvae of C. allardi allardi develop in the roots of Carthamus pinnatus. The female lays eggs on or near the stem. Newborn larvae enter directly into the root or at the junction of a leaf protuberance. The enter hole is then plugged with sawdust, which appears as the diameter of the larval gallery increases. The larva then feed inside the root and gradually enlarges the diameter of the gallery as it moves back and forth. At the end of its development, the inside of the root is completely consumed and hollow. Pupation and the hatching of the adults take place in the soil close to the host plant. In infested plants, we can observe the desiccation of some of their leaves. Adults, active from mid-February to May, can be found under the basal leaves or on stems of the host plant where they mate. [✧][★]

Body length:7 - 14 mm
Life cycle:1 year
Adults in:February - May
Host plant:Carthamus pinnatus (Asteraceae)
Distribution:Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia

The depicted mounted beetles were collected in Aflou environs (Amour Range of the Saharan Atlas, Laghouat province, Algeria) on April 1, 1988.

Collected by Gianfranco Sama (Petr Kabátek in coll.)

Fairmaire L., Coquerel Ch.:
Essai sur les Coléoptères de Barbarie, quatrième partie.
Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, Paris (4) 6: 17-74, 1866. [download pdf icon]

Villiers A.:
Coléoptères Cérambycides de l'Afrique du Nord.
Faune de l'Empire Français, ORSC Paris, 5: 1-152, 1946. [download pdf icon]

Trócoli S.:
Actualización del catálogo de Longicornios de Marruecos Actualisation du catalogue des Longicornes du Maroc (Parte IV / Partie IV : Cerambycidae : Lamiinae).
Revue de l'Association Roussillonnaise d'Entomologie (R.A.R.E.) 29 (1): 26-65, 2020. [download pdf icon]

Breuning S.:
Revision von 35 Gattungen aus der Gruppe der Saperdini Muls. (Col. Cerambycidae).
Entomologischen Arbeiten aus dem Museum G. Frey, Tutzing bei München 5 (2): 401-567, 1954. [download pdf icon]

Sama G.:
Révision du genre Conizonia Fairmaire, 1864 (Coleoptera - Cerambycidae - Phytoeciini).
Biocosme Mésogéen, Nice 21 (1): 15-43, 2005. [download pdf icon]

SubfamiliaLamiinae Latreille, 1825
TribusSaperdini Mulsant, 1839
GenusConizonia Fairmaire, 1864
Subgenus:Conizonia Fairmaire, 1864
SpeciesConizonia (Conizonia) allardi Fairmaire, 1866
SubspeciesConizonia (Conizonia) allardi allardi Fairmaire, 1866