Subfamilia: CERAMBYCINAE / Tribus: CERAMBYCINI
[Photo © Kirill V. Makarov, click on the picture for 4K resolution]
Cerambyx scopolii, the most common European representative of the genus Cerambyx, occurs in a large area from Iran through the Caucasus and the Middle East to the Atlantic coast of Europe and also in North Africa. C. scopolii inhabits deciduous forests, parks, gardens, and old unmaintained orchards. Females lay eggs in dying or freshly dead standing deciduous trees (in Central Europe it is common in dying old fruit trees) and felled wood, in trunks and branches from a diameter of several cm to unlimited thickness. The larvae initially feed subcortically, later enter into the sapwood and heartwood, where they continue in feedeing. Infested wood can usually be identified by sawdust being thrown from galleries. Life-cycle 2 to 3 years. The beetles hatch from August to October and overwinter in pupal cells. Adults, active from end of May do July, can be found on the wood and on various flowers and blossoming bushes, especially in sunny warm weather.
Body length: 17 - 28 mm Life cycle: 2 - 3 years Adults in: end of April - August Host plant: polyphagous in deciduous trees (Quercus, Fagus, Prunus, Juglans, Carpinus, Castanea, Salix etc.) Distribution: Europe, Caucasus, Transcaucasia, North Africa, Near East
The depicted mounted beetles (♂ 22 mm, ♀ 24 mm) were collected in Tellerman forest (Теллермановский лес) near Borisoglebsk (Voronezh Oblast, Central Federal District, Russia) on May 29, 2009. The living beetles were photographed in : ♂ (DR) - Soutok game reserve (Chateau Pohansko environs, Břeclav district, South Moravia, Czechia) on May 10, 2020; ♀ (DR) - Děvín NNR (Pálava Protected Landscape Area, Břeclav district, South Moravia, Czechia) on June 16, 2014; ♀ (ML) - beaten from blossoming hawthorn in Žloukovice village environs (Beroun district, Central Bohemia, Czechia) on May 24, 2021.
Collected by A. Zaitsev, Miroslav Polcar and Daniel Rydzi
Tesaříkovití – Cerambycidae České republiky a Slovenské republiky / Cerambycidae of the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.
Milan Sláma private printing, Krhanice, 383pp [pages 94-95], 1998 [ISBN: 80-238-2627-1]. [download ]
Cerambyx scopolii ♀ [Photo © Milan Lovětínský]
Cerambyx scopolii ♂ [Photo © Daniel Rydzi]
Cerambyx scopolii ♀ [Photo © Daniel Rydzi]
|Subfamilia||Cerambycinae Latreille, 1802|
|Tribus||Cerambycini Latreille, 1804|
|Genus||Cerambyx Linnaeus, 1758|
|Subgenus||Microcerambyx Mikśić et Georgijević, 1973|
|Species||Cerambyx (Microcerambyx) scopolii Füssli, 1775|