Monochamus (Monochamus) sartor (Fabricius, 1787)
ssp. urussovii (Fischer-Waldheim, 1806)
[= Monochamus sartor rosenmuelleri (Caderhjelm, 1798)]
[= Monochamus urussovii (Fischer-Waldheim, 1806)]

Subfamilia: LAMIINAE  /  Tribus: MONOCHAMINI
Monochamus sartor urussovii
[Photo © Kirill V. Makarov, click on the picture for 4K resolution]

Monochamus sartor urussovii, a taxon distributed in North and East Europe (Finland, Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, European Russia, Sweden, Ukraine), and North Asia (Siberia and Far East, North China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan) has been originally described as Cerambyx urussovii from Moscow region by Gotthelf Fischer Von Waldheim in 1806 [▿]. The taxon, long considered a separate species (Monochamus urussovii), was regarded oas a subspecies of M. sartor in a brilliant peper by Henrik Wallin, Martin Schroeder and Torstein Kvamme (based on genital morphology) in 2013 [★]. This was also confirmed by a genetic study by Radosław Plewa et al. from 2018 [☆].

M. sartor urussovii larvae develop in trunks of dying or freshly dead/felled/uprooted coniferous trees (Picea abies is Europe). It often attacks standing, by bark beetles severely weakened trees. Youg larvae feed subcortically, after the first overwintering enter and bore gallery in the wood, where also after the second overwintering create pupal cells and pupate. Life cycle 2 years, adults are active from June to late September [✧].

Body length:20 - 35 mm
Life cycle:2 years
Adults in:June - September
Host plant:Norway spruce (Picea abies) in Europe, Abies, Larix, Pinus and other tree species in NE Asia
Distribution:Belarus, Czechia, Estonia, Finland, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine

The depicted beetles were collected in Filatova (Филатова) river valley (N44°11′38″ E146°01′11″; cordon Filatovsky, Kunashir/Кунаши́р island, Kuril Islands, Yuzhno-Kurilsky district, Sakhalin region, Russia) on September 2, 2009.

Collected by Artem Zaitsev

Fischer Von Waldheim G.:
Nouvelles espèces d'Insectes de la Russie.
Mémoires de la Société des Naturalistes de l'Université Impériale de Moscou 1 [1805]: 12-17, 1806.

Wallin H., Schroeder M. and Kvamme T.:
A review of the European species of Monochamus Dejean, 1821 (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) – with a description of the genitalia characters.
Norwegian Journal of Entomology 60 (1): 11-38, 2013. [download pdf icon]

Plewa R., Sikora K., Gutowski J.M., Jaworski T., Tarwacki G., Tkaczyk M., Rossa R., Hilszczański J., Magoga G. and Kajtoch Ł.:
Morphology, genetics and Wolbachia endosymbionts support distinctiveness of Monochamus sartor sartor and M. s. urussovii (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae).
Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny 76 (1): 123-135, 2018. [download pdf icon]

Cherepanov A.I.:
Cerambycidae of Northern Asia, Volume 3 - Laminae Part I.
Amerind Publishing, New Delhi: 300pp [pages 126-133], 1990. [download pdf icon]

SubfamiliaLamiinae Latreille, 1825
TribusMonochamini Gistel, 1848
GenusMonochamus Dejean, 1821
SubgenusMonochamus Dejean, 1821
SpeciesMonochamus (Monochamus) sartor (Fabricius, 1787)
SubspeciesMonochamus (Monochamus) sartor urussovii (Fischer-Waldheim, 1806)