ssp. erythrocephala (Schrank, 1776)
Subfamilia: LAMIINAE / Tribus: SAPERDINI
[Photo © Daniel Rydzi]
Oberea erythrocephala, a widely distributed species (Europe except North, Middle East, Caucasus and Transaucaisa, Kazakthstan, Iran), has been described from Austria as Cerambyx erythrocephalus by Franz von Paula Schrank in 1776 [❖]. O. erythrocephala (sensu lato), together with other "spurge"-species of the Oberea's subgenus Amaurostoma, belongs thanks to extreme habitual variability among the very taxonomically problematic longhorn beetles. A number of subspecies have been described whose true validity is not entirely certain and the whole complex of taxa requires a detailed revision.
O. erythrocephala erythrocephala is a xerothermic beetle of steppes, forest-steppes, pastures, natural meadows and ruderal localities with Euphorbia stands. Its larvae develop in the basal part of the stem and roots of spurges (Euphorbia spp.), in Central Europe especially in cypress spurge (Euphorbia cyparissias). Life-cycle 1 year. Adults, active from May to July, can be found or swept from the host plants [✧].
Body length: 6 - 15 mm Life cycle: 1 year Adults in: May - July Host plant: Euphorbia spp. Distribution: Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Crete, Croatia, Czechia, France, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
The depicted living specimen was collected in Argelès-sur-Mer environs (Pyrénées-Orientales department, Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées, France) on June 22, 2019.
Collected by Daniel Rydzi
von Paula Schrank F.:
Beyträge zur Naturgeschichte. Mit sieben von Verfasser gezeichneten und in Kupfer gestochenen Tabellen.
Leipzig, Caspar Fritsch, 137 pp, 1776. [download ]
Tesaříkovití – Cerambycidae České republiky a Slovenské republiky / Cerambycidae of the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.
Milan Sláma private printing, Krhanice, 383pp [pages 328-329], 1998 [ISBN: 80-238-2627-1]. [download ]
[Photo © Daniel Rydzi]
|Subfamilia||Lamiinae Latreille, 1825|
|Tribus||Saperdini Mulsant, 1839|
|Genus||Oberea Dejean, 1835|
|Subgenus||Amaurostoma Müller, 1906|
|Species||Oberea (Amaurostoma) erythrocephala (Schrank, 1776)|
|Subspecies||Oberea (Amaurostoma) erythrocephala erythrocephala (Schrank, 1776)|